August in Catalonia

and the Catalan-speaking countries

August is a particularly interesting month in Catalonia. Here you will find the major historical events and festivals listed as well as birth and death anniversaries of important Catalans.

As the weather is so good, the month of August is also great for Festa Majors or town festivals, which normally coincide with Saints Days.

August 1st is Sant Feliu, August 2nd is La Mare de Déu dels Àngels, August 6th is Sant Salvador, August 7th is Sant Albert, August 10th is Sant Llorenç, August 15th is La Mare de Déu d'agost, August 16th is Sant Roc, August 19th is Sant Magi, August 22nd is Sant Julià, August 24th is Sant Bartomeu, August 25th is Sant Genis, August 29th is Sant Joan Degollat and August 30th is Sant Fèlix.

All these Saints Days are an excuse for festivals so I suggest you click through to the specific day to find out what's on.

Two main historical events are the signing of the Statute of Catalonia, the Estatut de Núria, on August 2nd 1931, which restored the Generalitat of Catalonia after more than 200 years and the start of the Bullangues, which were a week of violent riots, on August 5th 1835.

On August 11th 1137, Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, signed the treaty with Ramir II, King of Aragon, by which he married the king's daughter Peronella and so united the County of Barcelona and the Kingdom of Aragon under what would be known as the Crown of Aragon.

On August 12th 1888, the socialist trades union the UGT was founded in Barcelona.

The philosopher and theologian Jaume Balmes was born on August 28th 1810 and on August 6th 1936, Catalan politician and president of FC Barcelona, Josep Sunyol i Garriga, was shot dead by nationalist troops in the Sierra de Guadarrama close to Madrid.

The most important Historical Events, Births, Deaths and Festivals and Commemorations in August in Catalonia and the Catalan-speaking countries are listed below and if you scroll down to the bottom of the page you will find links to more detailed pages dedicated to each day of the month.


August is the main holiday month in Catalonia and I would have expected to find plenty of sayings associated with the beach and sunshine.

However, the one I've chosen to illustrate the month is "El que agost augura, setembre s'assegurar" (What August foretells, September makes certain).




Events

August 1st 1917 - Catalonia: Josep Puig i Cadafalch becomes president of the Mancomunitat de Catalunya after the death of Prat de la Riba.

August 1st 1977 - Catalonia: the Spanish government legalises Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya.

August 2nd 1708 - The first opera concert is given in Catalonia at the Llotja de Mar in Barcelona in the presence of Archduke Carles of Austria.

August 2nd 1931 - Catalonia: The provisional Statute of the Generalitat, known as the Estatut de Núria, is passed by referendum.

August 3rd 1907 - Barcelona: An Hispano-Suiza car receives Number Plate 1 in Barcelona.

August 5th 1835 - Barcelona: Bullanga of 1835, which were anti-religious riots.

August 6th 1835 - Barcelona: An angry mob set fire to the Fàbrica Bonaplata during les bullangues.

August 7th 1954 - France: Josep Tarradellas becomes president of the Generalitat in exile, succeeding Josep Irla.

August 9th 1992 - Barcelona: The Olympic Games of the XXV olimpiade close.

August 10th 1218 - Barcelona: Pere Nolasc founds the Order of the Mercè de Redempció de Captius.

August 11th 897 - La Valldora (Navès, el Solsonès): according to legend, the Frankish king draws the four fingers of the Catalan flag using the blood of Guifré el Pilós, who was on his deathbed.

August 11th 1137 - Barbastre, (Regne d'Aragó): Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, signs with Ramir II, King of Aragon, the marriage commitment with his daughter Peronella.

August 12th 1888 - Barcelona: the socialist trades union the Unió General de Treballadors (UGT) is founded.

August 13th 1940 - La Baule (la Bretanya): the Gestapo detains the president of the Generalitat of Catalonia, Lluís Companys.

August 26th 1968 - Prada de Conflent: The Diades de Cultura (which goes on to 31st) begin, the following year it becomes Universitat Catalana d'Estiu.

August 29th 1642 - Perpignan (el Rosselló): the city, until then occupied by Castilian troops, is occupied by the French after four months of siege (La Guerra dels Segadors - The Reapers' War).

Births

August 1st 1941 - Igualada (l'Anoia): Jordi Savall i Bernadet, traditional Catalan musician.

August 6th 1932 - Barcelona: Lluís Maria Xirinacs i Damians, priest and politician.

August 13th 1965 - Sabadell: Miquel Calçada i Olivella (Mikimoto), Catalan journalist, TV presenter and politician.

August 19th 1871 - Sant Andreu del Palomar: Ignasi Iglésias i Pujadas, dramatist and poet, who was part of the Modernista movement.

August 28th 1810 - Vic: Jaume Balmes, philosopher and theologian (died 1848).

August 30th 1936 - Barcelona: Esther Tusquets Guillén, Catalan writer and publisher in Castilian. (died 2012)


Deaths

August 1st 1917 - Castellterçol (el Vallès Oriental): Enric Prat de la Riba i Sarrà, first president of the Mancomunitat de Catalunya.

August 6th 1458 - Vatican, Papal States: Alfons de Borja, who reigned as Pope Callixtus III. He was Valencian and spoke Catalan. (born 1358).

August 6th 1936 - Serra del Guadarrama, Madrid, Spain: Josep Sunyol i Garriga, Catalan politician and president of FC Barcelona, shot dead by nationalist troops (born 1898).

August 8th 2007 - Castelldefels, Baix Llobregat: Nicolau Casaus, businessman vicepresident of FC Barcelona between 1978 and 2003.

August 11th 897 - la Vall d'Ora (Navès, el Solsonès): Guifré el Pilós, killed fighting against the Saracens.

August 21st 1876 - Caldas de Besaya, Cantàbria: Ildefons Cerdà i Sunyer, Catalan engineer, urban planner, jurist, economist and politician (born 1815).

August 27th 2011 - Barcelona, Barcelonès: Heribert Barrera, Catalan politician and chemist, member of Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya and first president of the restored Parliament of Catalonia from 1980 to 1984. (born 1917).
   
August 27th 2014 - Pere Pubill i Calaf, musician better known as Peret, creator of the rumba catalana. (born 1935).

August 31st 1240 - Cardona, Bages: Sant Ramon Nonat, priest, cardinal. He is venerated as a saint in the Catholic Church.


Festivals and Commemorations



August in Catalonia Day by Day

August: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31




If you think there's been an oversight or you can provide more historical detail about a particular event, I'd be delighted to hear from you.

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