Francesc Layret i Foix

Left-Wing Politician Murdered During Pistolerisme

Francesc Layret was a lawyer, politician and left-wing activist, who was murdered outside his house on Carrer Balmes on November 30th 1920 during the violent period known as Pistolerisme.

Francesc Layret i Foix was born into a wealthy family in Barcelona on July 10th 1880 and always used crutches due to disability. He first met Lluís Companys when they were students at the Liceu Poliglot and later went on to study Law and Philosophy at the University of Barcelona.

At the start of the 20th century, Layret helped found the Associació Escolar Republicana and the Ateneu Enciclopèdic Popular and in 1905, he joined Unió Republicana for whom he was elected to the Ajuntament de Barcelona. He participated in Solidaritat Catalana and together with rebels from the Lliga Regionalista, founded the Centre Nacionalista Republicà.

In 1916, Layret founded the newspaper La Lucha, which became the voice of the Partit Republicà Català founded a year later and Layret was elected to the Congress of Deputies in Madrid as member for Sabadell in 1919.

On November 30th 1920, the Civil Governor of Barcelona, Martínez Anido, made a large number of arrests of members of the trades union CNT, such as Salvador Seguí, and Lluís Companys was amongst them.

At 6 o'clock that evening, as Francesc Layret was leaving his house at Carrer Balmes 26 on his way to find out how his companions were, he was shot 7 times by 20-year-old Fulgencio Ver, known as Mirete.

On December 2nd, there was a protest over his death and his funeral turned into a political event and was led by Eugeni d'Ors and Nicolau d'Olwer. Layret's murderer was never arrested.

The tomb of Francesc Layret i Foix is in the Cemetery of Montjuïc and there is a monument in his honour, which was inaugurated by Lluís Companys in 1936, on Plaça de Goya.

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