Prior to this, the area had been mainly agricultural irrigated by fresh water springs and centred on a number of traditional Catalan farmhouses, such as can Xipreret, Can Tusquets, Can Muntaner and Ca l'Alegre de Dalt.
Like much of the hills above Barcelona, La Salut became popular as an area of summer residences in the late 19th century.
Today almost all the farmhouses have disappeared apart from Can Xipreret and Can Tusquets and with the exception of El Font del Carbó in the grounds of Cottolengo, the fresh water springs are long gone too.
The Monastery of Sant Josep de la Muntanya is located in the neighbourhood but without doubt La Salut is best known for Antoni Gaudí's magnificent Park Güell.
The park was built between 1900 and 1914 and originally planned as a
select housing estate in the style of an English garden city.
However, Eusebi Gúell, the promoter as well as Gaudí's patron, only managed to sell a few plots and the site was opened as a public park in 1926.
The brilliant way Gaudí manages to combine man-made and natural elements is what makes the park so special and universally admired and it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984.
Incidentally, one of my favourite views of Barcelona is of the squat just below Park Güell - 'Occupy and Resist' reads the grafitti on the roof.
busy Travessera de Dalt runs through the bottom section of the
neighbourhood and although there are no metro stations both Lesseps and
Vallcarca on the Green L3 Metro Line are very close.
By the way, if you are visiting Park Güell, I recommend getting off at Vallcarca Metro Station, which is above the park, and after your visit walking down the hill and along Travessera de Dalt to Metro Lesseps.
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