November is a particularly interesting month in Catalonia. Here you will find the major historical events and festivals listed as well as birth and death anniversaries of important Catalans.
The weather is quite a lot cooler and everybody's hard at work but there's still plenty going on.
The month begins with Tots Sants or All Saints' Day on November 1st when Catalans traditionally pay their respects to deceased relatives and friends. There are quite a few more saints' days throughout the month with the most important ones being Sant Martí on November 11th and Sant Andreu on November 30th, both of which are the motive for Festa Majors around Catalonia, most notably in the eponymously named districts of Barcelona.
From a historical point of view, some important constitutional events took place in November. On November 13th 1137, Ramir II of Aragon ceded his royal rights and prerogatives to Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, and on November 11th 1164, Ramon Berenguer's son Alfons became the first king of the combined Crown of Aragon.
On November 7th 1705, Archduke Karl of Austria swore the Catalan Constitutions to become Carles III of Catalonia and the War of the Spanish Succession escalated into a battle of life or death for Catalonia.
More recently on November 26th 2009, twelve Catalan newspapers all published an article entitled "La dignitat de Catalunya" in protest against the Spanish Tribunal Constitucional and its delay on the sentence on the Estatut de Catalunya and on November 9th 2014 the citizen participation process on the political future of Catalonia, known as 9N, was held.
The most important birthday is undoubtedly that of Catalanist politician Enric Prat de la Riba, who was born on November 29th 1870, and in 1914 became the first President of the Mancomunitat of Catalonia.
Other important birthdays include Catalan flamenco singer and dancer Carmen Amaya on November 2nd 1918 and Bonaventura Carles Aribau, author of Oda a la Pàtria, the poem that effectively launched the Renaixença on November 4th 1798.
Two important literary figures died in November: Catalan poet Miquel Martí i Pol on November 11th 2003 and Valencian writer and journalist, author of Els Altres Catalans Paco Candel on November 23rd 2007.
The most important Historical Events, Births, Deaths and Festivals and Commemorations in November in Catalonia and the Catalan-speaking countries are listed below and if you scroll down to the bottom of the page you will find links to more detailed pages dedicated to each day of the month.
Many of the sayings associated with November in Catalonia focus the coming winter and the onset of the cold weather.
The one of chosen to illustrate the month is "A primers de novembre, el foc ja pots encendre" (At the start of November, you can already light the fire).
November 7th 1659 - Illa dels Faisans (Bidasoa River, Basque Country): The Treaty of the Pyrenees is signed. The Spanish Monarchy cedes what we now call Catalunya del Nord (Northern Catalonia) to France: This comprises Rosselló, Conflent, Capcir, Vallespir and the northern half of La Cerdanya. In return, France would stop helping Catalonia in The Reapers' War, which was now over.
November 7th 1705 - Carles III of Catalonia swears the Catalan Constitutions.
November 7th 1893 - Barcelona: The anarchist Santiago Salvador throws a bomb into the stalls of the Gran Teatre del Liceu opera house and causes 20 deaths.
November 9th 2014 - The citizen participation process on the political future of Catalonia was held.
November 11th 1164 - Saragossa: Ramon, son of Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, Girona, Osona, and Cerdanya (1131-1162), takes the oath as King of Aragon in Zaragoza in a assembly before Aragonese nobles with the name Alfons el Cast, which marks the start of the Crown of Aragon.
November 13th 1137 - Kingdom of Aragon: Apart from the title of king, Ramir II cedes all his rights and prerogatives to Ramon Berenguer IV, who would take on the title of Prínce Dominator of Aragon.
November 14th 1963 - París (France): Le Monde publishes statements by the the Abbot of Montserrat, Aureli Maria Escarré, in which the Catalan national identity which would the the Francoist authorities to expell him from Spain on March 12th 1965.
November 16th 2003 - Catalonia: elections to the Parlament of Catalonia; CiU wins with 46 seats, followed by PSC (42), ERC (23), PP (15) and ICV (9). However, the CiU candidate, Artur Mas, is unable to form a government.
November 18th 1058 - Barcelona: Consecration of the Cathedral of Barcelona.
November 20th 1490 - València: the first edition of Tirant lo blanc is published.
November 20th 1936 - Buenaventura Durruti, trades unionist and revolucionary anarchist dies defending Madrid. On the same day, José Antonio Primo de Rivera, the founder of the Falange Española, is shot by firing squad in prison in Alicante.
November 26th 1876 - Barcelona: The Associació Catalanista d'Excursions Científiques is founded. In 1890 it would fuse with the Associació Catalana d'Excursions to become the Centre Excursionista de Catalunya.
November 26th 2009 - Catalonia: Twelve Catalan newspapers publish an article entitled "La Dignitat de Catalunya" about the Tribunal Constitucional and the sentence on the Estatut de Catalunya. These were the newspapers: El Periódico, La Vanguardia, Avui, El Punt, Diari de Girona, Diari de Tarragona, Segre, La Mañana, Regió 7, El 9 Nou, Diari de Sabadell and Diari de Terrassa. Other private media and indivuals would also later join the cause.
November 2nd 1918 - Barcelona: Carmen Amaya, Catalan flamenco singer and dancer (died 1963).
November 4th 1798 - Barcelona: Bonaventura Carles Aribau, writer, economist, politician and civil servant. Author of Oda a la Pàtria, the poem that effectively launched the Renaixença.
November 9th 1870 - Barcelona: Carles Padrós i Rubió, Catalan politician and businessman, one of the founders of Real Madrid Club de Futbol.
November 10th 1990 - Badalona (El Barcelonès): Mireia Belmonte, Catalan swimmer.
November 13th 1819 - Barcelona: Estanislau Figueras i de Moragas, First President of the First Spanish Republic and President of the Council of Ministers.
November 13th 1929 - Barcelona: Jaime Gil de Biedma, Catalan poet in the Castilian language (died 1990).
November 21st 1852 - Vila-real (la Plana Baixa): Francesc Tàrrega, Valencian composer and guitarist (died 1909).
November 26th 1882 - Tarragona: Antoni Rovira i Virgili, Catalan linguist, journalist and politician, president of the Parliament of Catalonia in exile (died 1949).
November 29th 1870 - Castellterçol: Enric Prat de la Riba i Sarrà, lawyer and journalist, first president of the Mancomunitat de Catalunya (1914-1917) and one of the people responsible for the resurgence of the Catalan national sentiment in the 19th century.
November 30th 1872 - Barcelona: Isidre Nonell i Monturiol, Catalan painter and illustrator.
November 2nd 1713 - Vic, Osona: Bac de Roda, Catalan military leader, leader of Els Miquelets.
November 11th 2003 - Vic, Osona: Miquel Martí i Pol, Catalan poet (74 years).
November 23rd 2007 - Barcelona: Paco Candel, Valencian writer and journalist, author of Els Altres Catalans (born 1925).
November 29th 1901 - Madrid (Spain): Francesc Pi i Margall, president of the First Spanish Republic and president of the Council of Ministers (born 1824)
November 30th 1920 - Barcelona: Francesc Layret i Foix, politician and labour lawyer, murdered by gunmen from the Sindicat Lliure.
November 1st is La Diada de Tots Sants - All Saints' Day
November 11th is the Saints Day of Sant Martí
November 17th is the Saints Day of Sant Iscle and Santa Victòria
November 22nd is the Saints Day of Santa Cecília
November 25th is the Saints Day of Santa Caterina
November 29th is the Saints' Day of Sant Sadurni
November 30th is the Saints' Day of Sant Andreu
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