The Treaty of the Pyrenees 

The Loss of French Catalonia

The Treaty of the Pyrenees or Peace of the Pyrenees was signed on November 7th 1659 by Felipe IV of Castile and III of Aragon, Luis Méndez de Haro and Pedro Coloma for Castile and Louis XIV of France, Cardinal Mazarin and Hugues de Lionne for France on Pheasant Island in the River Bidasoa in the north of the Basque Country.

It officially put an end to the Thirty Years War and the consequences for Catalonia were the loss of the County of Rosselló and part of La Cerdanya to France.

Felipe IV negotiated the treaty without consulting the Corts Catalanes and, in fact, the decision was officially revealed until the Corts de Barcelona in 1702, although it was common knowledge from 1660 onwards as the ambassador of the Generalitat "sent congratulations for the good news of the peace between Spain and France".

The affected territories campaigned to go back to being Catalan for decades, and the Catalan authorities resisted the partition, which became effective in 1720.

Unlike Gibraltar and Menorca, which were ceded to England as a result of the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, the Spanish government has never tried to recover the Catalan teritories ceded in the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

The only exception to this was when Franco apparently put pressure on Hitler to make Pétain return French Catalonia to Spain at their meeting in Hendaia on October 23rd 1940.







If you think there's been an oversight or you can provide more historical detail about a particular event, I'd be delighted to hear from you.

Please complete the form below. You can also upload photos and images, by the way.

Have Something To Say About This Topic?

Do you have a great information to add or an opinion to express about on this topic? Share it!


comments powered by Disqus

New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.




Profiles: Google | Barcelona Travel Facebook Page | Barcelona Expert on ScoopIt! |



This Week's Featured Activities

Wine Tours and Enotourism

There's a wide range of tours and trips associated with wine or cava production in the Barcelona Province.

Barcelona Wine Tours and Enotourism

Click Here To See A Range Of Wine Trips and Tours

Sagrada Familia Tickets

Basic Entrance To The Sagrada Familia + Audio Guide + Guided Tour

Sagrada Familia Tickets

Click Here To Book Your Sagrada Familia Tickets

Barcelona GoCar

The Barcelona GoCar is a GPS-driven two-seater that offers planned itineraries of Barcelona's major sights.

Barcelona GoCar

Click Here To Book Your Barcelona GoCar Tour


Festival Jardins Pedralbes

The Festival Jardins de Pedralbes takes place in June and July and features international and Spanish stars.

Festival Jardins de Pedralbes

Click Here to Book Jardins de Pedralbes Tickets