Laws Regulating Catalan National Symbols

There are two main laws regulating Catalan national symbols, which include La Diada on September 11th, the Senyera Flag and the National Anthem Els Segadors, and they were passed in 1980 and 2006 respectively.

In 1980, the very first law passed by the restored Parliament of Catalonia declared La Diada de l'Onze de Setembre as the official national day of Catalonia and one of the few articles of the Statute of Autonomy of 2006 that remained untouched by the Spanish Constitutional Court was Article 8, which specified the national day as September 11th, the national anthem as Els Segadors and the flag as the Senyera.

Other symbols such as the mountain of Montserrat, the Sardana dance, Sant Jordi or Saint George the patron saint, the famous Castells or human castles or emblematic pine with three branches El Pi de les Tres Branques are popularly recognised as Catalan national symbols but have no legal recognition.

I have included the full text of the laws regulating Catalan national symbols below, first in English and then in Catalan.


LAW 1/1980, June 12th, by which the diada of September 11th is declared National Day of Catalonia

The national recovery of peoples undoubtedly involves the recuperation of its systems of self-government. It also involves the evaluation and promotion of all those symbols through which communities identify themselves because they bring together all the complexity of historical, social and cultural factors that the roots of a national reality. Amongst these symbols, an important element is the existence of a national holiday, through which the nation promotes its values, remembers its history and the people that were protagonists and create projects for the future. The Catalan people in times of struggle emphasised a diada on the September 11th as the Catalan National Day. A Diada that not only referred to the painful memory of losing liberty on September 11th 1714 and an attitude of vindication and resistance against oppression but also to the hope of full national recovery. Now, as Catalonia resumes its journey towards freedom, the people's representatives believe that the legislative chamber has to authorise something that the nation has unanimously assumed. For this reason, the people of Catalonia establish, through the power of its Parliament, the following law:

Article One: The Diada of September 11th is declared National Festival of Catalonia.

Article Two: This law will come into effect on the same day as its publication in the Official Bulletin of the Generalitat.

Consequently, I order that all citizens of Catalonia cooperate with the fulfilment of this law and that the courts and authorities comply with it.

Palau de la Generalitat, Barcelona, June 12th 1980.

Jordi Pujol, President de la Generalitat de Catalunya.

LLEI 1/1980, de 12 de juny, per la qual es declara Festa Nacional de Catalunya la diada de l'onze de setembre:

El recobrament nacional dels pobles passa, sens dubte, per la recuperació de les seves institucions d'autogovern. Passa, també, per la valoració i exaltació de tots aquells símbols a través dels quals les comunitats s'identifiquen amb si mateixes, ja que sintetitzen tota la complexitat dels factors històrics, socials i culturals que són les arrels de tota realitat nacional. D'entre aquests símbols, destaca l'existència d'un dia de Festa, en el qual la Nació exalta els seus valors, recorda la seva història i els homes que en foren protagonistes i fa projectes de futur. El poble català en els temps de lluita va anar assenyalant una diada, la de l'onze de setembre, com a Festa de Catalunya. Diada que, si bé significava el dolorós record de la pèrdua de les llibertats, l'onze de setembre de 1714, i una actitud de reivindicació i resistència activa enfront de l'opressió, suposava també l'esperança d'un total recobrament nacional. Ara, en reprendre Catalunya el seu camí de llibertat, els representants del Poble creuen que la Cambra Legislativa ha de sancionar allò que la Nació unànimement ja ha assumit. Per això, el poble de Catalunya estableix, per la potestat del seu Parlament, la següent Llei:

Article Primer: Es declara Festa Nacional de Catalunya la Diada de l'11 de setembre.

Article Segon: Aquesta Llei entrarà en vigor el mateix dia de la seva publicació al Diari Oficial de la Generalitat.

Per tant, ordeno que tots els ciutadans de Catalunya cooperin en el compliment d'aquesta Llei i que els Tribunals i autoritats la facin complir.

Palau de la Generalitat, a Barcelona, 12 de juny de 1980.

Jordi Pujol, President de la Generalitat de Catalunya

Statute of Autonomy 2006 - Article 8: Symbols of Catalonia

  • Catalonia, defined as a nationality in Article 1, has the flag, the festival and anthem as national symbols.
  • The flag of Catalonia is the traditional four red bars on a yellow background and it must be present on public buildings and official ceremonies that take place in Catalonia.
  • The national day of Catalonia is the Diada on September 11th.
  • The national anthem of Catalonia is Els Segadors.
  • The Parliament must regulate the various expressions of Catalonia's symbolic framework and has to set the order of protocol.
  • The legal protection of the symbols of Catalonia is that which corresponds to other symbols of the State.

Estatut d'Autonomía 2006 - Article 8: Símbols de Catalunya

  • Catalunya, definida com a nacionalitat en l'article 1, té com a símbols nacionals la bandera, la festa i l'himne.
  • La bandera de Catalunya és la tradicional de quatre barres vermelles en fons groc i ha d'ésser present als edificis públics i en els actes oficials que tinguin lloc a Catalunya.
  • La festa de Catalunya és la Diada de l'Onze de Setembre.
  • L'himne de Catalunya és Els segadors.
  • El Parlament ha de regular les diverses expressions del marc simbòlic de Catalunya i n'ha de fixar l'ordre protocol·lari.
  • La protecció jurídica dels símbols de Catalunya és la que correspon als altres símbols de l'Estat.

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