Estatut de Núria

The Catalan Statute of Autonomy of 1931-32

The 1932 Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia, also known as the Estatut de Nuría, was passed at referendum by 99% of the Catalan people on August 2nd 1931 and was the first Statute of Autonomy drafted in Catalonia.

The Statute was promoted by the then leader of Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya, Francesc Macià, and the first draft was completed at Núria in El Ripollès, hence the name.

The Statute of Núria was passed by the Spanish Parliament on September 9th 1932.

This paved the way for the reestablishment of the Generalitat of Catalonia for the first time since its abolition following the effective annexation of Catalonia by Castille in 1714.


Historical Context

The Municipal Elections of April 12th 1931 were won by the left-wing parties and led to the establishment of the Second Spanish Republic.

In Catalonia, the recently formed Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya won an overwhelming victory and consequently, the party's leader, Francesc Macià, declared the Catalan Republic within the Federation of Iberian Republics.

Three days later. Macià received a visit from the Spanish ministers Fernando de los Ríos, Marcel·lí Domingo and Lluís Nicolau d'Olwer, who persuaded him to withdraw the effective declaration of the independence of Catalania in return for the re-establishment of the Generalitat.

As a result a Statute of Autonomy was drawn up, which was known as the Estatut de Núria, after the Pyrenean valley where the drafting meetings were held.

The Estatut was passed at referendum by 99% of the Catalan people on August 2nd 1931 and approved by the Spanish Parliament on September 9th 1932.

The year-long delay between the two dates was due to the drafting of the Constitution of the Second Spanish Republic following the Spanish elections of June 28th 1931.

The new Constitution was finally approved on December 9th 1931 but included the clause describing Spain as an "Integral State compatible with the autonomy of municipalities and regions", which directly contradicted the agreement between the Catalan and Spanish governments.

The Generalitat was finally re-established but only lasted until shortly after the victory of the right-wing CEDA party in the elections of 1933.

This victory led to the then President of the Generalitat, Lluís Companys, declaring independence again on October 6th and he was consequently arrested and the Generalitat suspended.

The Generalitat was restored again after the Popular Front victory of February 1936 and remained in existence until it was abolished by Franco following his victory in the Spanish Civil War in April 1939.

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