Located on the left bank of the River Llobregat, L'Hospitalet is in the comarca of El Barcelonès and with a population of around 260,000 inhabitants is the second largest city in Catalonia after neighbouring Barcelona.
Ruins have been found on this part of the banks of the Llobregat dating back to the Paleolithic and Neolithic Ages and there was certainly an Iberian settlement on the site but it is not until the 10th century that Provençana, the original name of the parish, appears in official records.
The name Hospitalet, meaning "little hospital", comes from an infirmary connected to the parish church of Santa Eulalia de Provençana, which was located on the borders with what is now Cornellà de Llobregat.
The town's economy was based on agriculture until the 18th century when the first primitive textile factories were established but it was at the beginning of the 20th century that Hospitalet really began to grow economically and demographically.
In the 1960s and 1970s, the town suffered a population explosion due to mass immigration from other parts of Spain but it wasn't until the 1990s that the modernisation to fully accommodate the growth finally took place.
In the early 21st century, further projects were completed such as the pass of Gran Via under Plaça d'Europa and the opening of the Hospitalet facilities of the Fira de Barcelona.
Hospitalet comprises seven districts, which incorporate the traditional neighbourhoods in the following way:
Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya: The Baix Llobregat and Anoia commarcas are served by lines L8, R5, R6, S33, S4 and S8 from the five stations of Ildefons Cerdà, Europa-Fira, Gornal, Sant Josep and L'Hospitalet-Av. Carrilet.
Barcelona Metro System: There are multiple stations served by four metro lines.
Barcelona Trams: Lines T1, T2 and T3 of the Trambaix
If you understand some Catalan, you can find up to date news about Badalona on the Ajuntament de Badalona Website, which also has information in English and Spanish.