July is a particularly interesting month in Catalonia. Here you will find the major historical events and festivals listed as well as birth and death anniversaries of important Catalans.
The weather really could not better than it is in June. The days are sunny and hot and whilst days at the the beach are starting to become a necessity, the evenings are still cool enough to be able to sleep.
The most important Historical Events, Births, Deaths and Festivals and Commemorations in June in Catalonia and the Catalan-speaking countries are listed below and if you scroll down to the bottom of the page you will find links to more detailed pages dedicated to each day of the month.
Many of the sayings associated with July in Catalonia focus on how hot and sunny the month is.
The one of chosen to illustrate the month is precisely about this and is "Juliol El amo és el sol" (July, The owner is the sun).
July 5th 1941 - Members of the División Azul of the Spanish Army leave to give support to the German Army on the Russian Front in World War II.
July 6th 985 - Barcelona: The Andalusian Muslim leader Almansor (or Al-Mansur) culminates his campaign against the County of Barcelona by sacking and destroying part of the city and taking many citizens prisoner.
July 9th 1713 - Principality of Catalonia: The Junta de Braços decideds to hold out in defence of the country against Felipe V.
July 10th 2010 - Catalonia: The mass demonstration "Som una nació. Nosaltres decidim" attracts 1.5 million people in Barcelona to demonstrate against the Constitutional Court against the Estatut. The majority of the flags and signs are in favour of independence.
July 11th 1961 - Barcelona: Òmnium Cultural is founded.
July 13th 1713 - Utrecht (Netherlands): A peace treaty is signed between Spain and Great Britain, as part of the Treaty of Utrecht, bringing the international conflict caused by the War of the Spanish Succession to an end. In Article XIII, Felipe V rejects the English request that the Catalans should conserve their ancient privileges.
July 14th 1983 - Barcelona: The Parliament of Catalonia promotes Law 19/1983 by which the Mossos d'Esquadra are refounded as the Police of the Generalitat of Catalonia.
July 15th 2008 - Madrid (Spain): For the first time, the Government of Spain publish tax figures, which show that Balearic Islands, Catalonia, País Valencià and Madrid are the Spanish territories with the highest deficit.
July 18th 1922 - Barcelona: Francesc Macià founds the pro-independence organisation Estat Català, on the premises of CADCI, following the precedent of the Federació Democràtica Nacionalista.
July 23rd 1936 - Barcelona: PSUC is founded as a result de la fusion of the Unió Socialista de Catalunya, the Partit Comunista de Catalunya, the Partit Català Proletari and the Federació Catalana of the PSOE.
July 24th 1938 - The Battle of the Ebro begins.
July 25th 1713 - Barcelona. The Siege of Barcelona begins. The heroic Catalan resistance lasted 413 days until 11th September 1714.
July 28th 2010 - Barcelona: The Catalan deputies in the Parliament of Catalonia vote in favour of Popular Legislative Initiative to abolish bullfighting in Catalonia (68 votes in favour of abolition, 55 against and 9 abstentions).
July 16th 1920 - Barcelona: Joan Antoni Samaranch i Torelló, President of the International Olympic Committee (1980-2001) and of the Diputació de Barcelona (1973-1977).
July 23rd 1890 - Barcelona: Joan Amades i Gelats, important Catalan ethnologist and folklorist.
July 27th 1867 - Lleida, Province of Lleida: Enric Granados i Campiña, Catalan composer and pianist.
July 31st 1818 - Barcelona: Joaquim Rubió i Ors, Catalan writer and president of the Acadèmia de Bones Lletres de Barcelona, also known by his pseudonym Lo Gayter del Llobregat.
July 4th 1895 - Barcelona: Frederic Soler i Hubert, Serafí Pitarra, Catalan playwright, poet and theatre impresario (born 1839).
July 8th 1918 - Barcelona: Eusebi Güell i Bacigalupi, Catalan factory owner, politician and art sponsor (born 1846).
July 9th 1848 - Vic: Jaume Balmes i Urpià, Catalan philosopher, theologian and Catholic cleric.
July 18th 1924 - Barcelona: Àngel Guimerà, Catalan poet and playwright.
July 26th 1930 - Barcelona: Narcís Oller i de Moragas, Catalan writer (born 1846).
July 27th 1276 - València: Jaume I, King of València, Mallorca and Aragon, and Count of Barcelona.
July 31st 1410 - Barcelona: Martí the Humane, King of the Crown of Aragon, his death without heir provokes the calling of the Compromise of Casp to elect a new monarch.
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