La Verneda i La Pau runs down either side of the Rambla del Prim between the railway line as far down as Gran Via and is very closely connected with Sant Martí de Provençals with which it forms an urban and social nucleus.
The name La Verneda can be translated as Alder wood and refers to the trees that grew along the river, which are verns in Catalan.
The development of La Verneda was the result of the massive influx of Spanish immigration in the 1950s and the first poorly planned and badly-equipped housing was built by the Patronato Municipal de la Vivienda around Via Trajana.
However, the most important urbanisation is the area known as La Pau between Rambla de Guipúscoa and Gran Via.
The name means Peace and although not actually opened until 1966, the neighbourhood was built to commemorate '25 Years of Peace' since the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939.
The Piramidón skyscraper was
built in 1971 and after a number of years in disuse it is now home to
local entities, such as the Escola d'Adults de La Pau, the Centre Civic
and a Contemporary Art Centre.
Other blocks includes La Verneda Baixa and La Verneda Alta, which has recently been modernised, and La Palmera, whose main square - La Plaça de la Palmera - with its old factory chimney and lineal floor sculpture by Richard Serra was one of the first urban spaces to be developed in La Verneda i La Pau following the return of democracy in 1975.
The centre of the neighbourhood is the point where the ramblas of Guipuscoa and Prim meet and is also where you'll find La Verneda i La Pau's most interesting sculpture - El Llarg Viatge or Long Journey created by Francesc Torres Monsó for the 1992 Barcelona Olympics.
The great attraction of the neighbourhood, though, is its historic Barcelona football club CE Jupiter founded in 1909 and currently in Tercera División, the fourth tier of Spanish football.