This page lists historical and other events on March 1st in Catalonia and the Catalan-speaking countries as well as festivals and a list of births and deaths of well-known Catalans.
1716 - Barcelona: The first stone of the Fortress of La Ciutadella is laid.
1951 - Barcelona: A Tram Strike begins in response to an fare increase approved by the Spanish government i¡on December 19th the previous year. This was to be be the most important demonstration against the Francoist Regime since the end of the Spanish Civil War.
1974 - Palau Reial d'El Pardo, Comunitat de Madrid, Spain: The Council of Franco presided by Franco confirms the death sentence for Puig Antich and Heinz Ches (real name Georg Michael Welze) who later were both executed in Barcelona and Tarragona, respectively.
1983 - Balearic Islands: The Statute of Autonomy comes into effect.
1991 - Madrid: The Spanish Constitutional Court doesn't object to knowing Catalan being a requirement for civil servants of the Generalitat de Catalunya.
2002 - Spain: Peseta coins and notes stop circulating and the euro is the only legal currency in Spain.
2005 - Calvià, Mallorca: Radiotelevisió de Balears IB3 begins broadcasting.
2007 - Balearic Islands: The new Statute of Autonomy comes into effect.
1793 - la Ribera, Barcelona: Andreu Avel·lí Pi i Arimon, Catalan historian and epigraphist.
1870 - Barcelona, Barcelonès: Eduard Fontserè i Riba, Catalan meteorologist and seismologist.
1897 - Palma, Mallorca: Llorenç Villalonga i Pons, Mallorcan writer.
1973 - Silla, Horta Sud: Andrés Valero Castells, Valencian composer, music teacher and conductor.
1058 - Sant Quirze de Besora, Osona: Ermessenda de Carcassona, Catalan aristocrat, Countess of Barcelona, Girona and Osona.
1882 - Sabadell, Vallès Occidental: Domènec Buxeda i Crehuet, Catalan textile manufacturer.
1932 - Vic, Osona: Jaume Collell i Bancells, Catalan ecclesiastic, journalist and writer.
1990 - Barcelona, Barcelonès: Carlos Pérez de Rozas y Sáenz de Tejada, Catalan photojournalist.
2009 - Barcelona, Barcelonès: Pepe Rubianes, Spanish comedian.
2015 - Mataró, Maresme: Jordi Tardà i Castells, Catalan journalist and music critic.