Located in the district of Sants-Montjuïc, the Parc de Montjuic constitutes a green space that through its parks, museums and sporting facilities provides an easy way of escaping the often claustrophic city centre.
It was probably here on this broad shallow hill overlooking a natural
harbour that the Celt-Iberians founded the first settlement that would
become Barcino with the arrival of the Romans.
However, with a height of nearly 200 metres, Montjuïc's relationship with the city of Barcelona hasn't always been benevolent and after 1714 the occupying Castilian troops established a fortress at the top from where they bombed the city on a number of occasions throughout the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Castle of Montjuïc has been the site of numerous executions, the most celebrated being those of numerous anarchists in 1897 and the execution of Lluís Companys, President of Catalonia throughout the Spanish Civil War, by General Franco's troops in 1940.
Prior to this, much of the hill including the entrance from Plaça d'Espanya, the Magic Fountains and the Poble Espanyol had been developed in preparation for the 1929 Universal Exposition.
Also completed in 1929, the Olympic Stadium would have held the alternative anti-fascist Olympic Games in 1936 had the Spanish Civil War not broken out.
The second great period of development for the Parc de Montjuïc came in the lead up to 1992 Olympic Games when the Olympic Stadium was refurbished and the area known as the Olympic Ring was developed.
Today, the Parc de Montjuïc is visited by both Barcelonans and tourists and the main attractions are the following: