There is no doubt that the Sants neighbourhood is the centre of a group of satellite neighbourhoods that comprised the old municipality of Sant Maria de Sants before it became part of the City of Barcelona in 1897.
The surrounding neighbourhoods are:
Although each has its own personality, all look towards the same nucleus based around Carretera de Sants and Plaça of the same name.
The real growth of the neighbourhood came about with the arrival of industrialisation, the textile industry in particular, in the middle of the 19th century.
Just like other towns surrounding Barcelona, the once rural village became an industrial centre and attracted a large workers population.
Today two of Sants' great factories still dominate the social and cultural life of the neighbourhood with El Vapor Nou having been converted into the Parc de l'Espanya Industrial in 1983 and El Vapor Vell has been a library and school since 2001.
The neighbourhood's main street is the Carretera de Sants which is the continuation of Avinguda Paral.lel and connects Plaça d'Espanya with Hospitalet.
The Carretera is well-known for its shops of which there are over 300 and I've heard that its the longest shopping street in Europe.
It is here that much of the barri's life is centred with the particularly good Festa Major being celebrated in the week around Sant Bartomeu on August 24th.
Obviously, the neighbourhood is well-known because of the location of Sants Estació, Barcelona's main railway station, but it also boasts Plaça de Sants and Sants Estació metro stations on the Blue L3 Metro Line as well as Mercat Nou on the Red L1 Metro Line.