September is a particularly interesting month in Catalonia. The bite has been taken out of the summer heat but the weather is still fantastic and the days are long.
The main event in Catalonia is La Diada, the National Day of Catalonia, on September 11th. which commemorates the fall of Catalonia to the Franco-Castilian troops of Felipe V in 1714.
There are also plenty of Festa Majors throughout Catalonia but I suppose the two big ones are Barcelona's Festes de la Mercè, which last for four days around the Saints' Day of La Mare de Déu de la Mercè on September 24th and Les Festes de Santa Tecla on the ten days leading up to the Saints' Day of Santa Tecla on September 23rd.
The main historical event is the end of The War of the Spanish Succession in Catalonia with Barcelona falling on September 11th and the last redoubt of Cardona falling on September 18th. In 878, Guifré el Pilós or Wilfred the Hairy, the founder of the hereditary House of Barcelona was invested as Count of Barcelona and of Girona on the same day.
Pere the Catholic was killed by Simon de Montfort at Muret on September 12th 1213 and The Reapers' War began on September 7th 1640 when Catalonia and France signed a treaty against Felipe IV.
On September 24th 1957, FC Barcelona's Camp Nou opened and on September 25th 2011 the last bullfight in Catalonia was held at La Monumental bull ring.
The influential Catalan writer Eugeni d'Ors was born on September 28th 1880 and died on September 25th 1954 and Narcís Monturiol, the inventor of the first manned submarine powered by a combustion engine, was born on September 28th 1819 and died on September 6th 1885.
The most important Historical Events, Births, Deaths and Festivals and Commemorations in September in Catalonia and the Catalan-speaking countries are list below and if you scroll down to the bottom of the page you will find links to more detailed pages dedicated to each day of the month.
Many of the sayings associated with September in Catalonia focus the start of the new academic year and on the children going back to school.
However, the one of chosen to illustrate the month deals with the onset of autumn and goes "El setembre és bon pintor, perquè arriba la tardor" (September is a good painter because autumn arrives).
September 2nd 1843 - Barcelona: The start of the Jamància, a popular revolt against the government because of hunger and poverty.
September 5th 1229 - Salou (el Tarragonès): the fleet that would conquer Mallorca set sail under the orders of Jaume I.
September 7th 1640 - Ceret (el Vallespir): representatives of France and Catalonia sign an alliance against Felipe IV and the Guerra dels Segadors or Reapers' War begins.
September 11th 878 - Marca Hispànica: Guifré el Pilós, who is known in English as Wilfred the Hairy, was invested as Count of Barcelona and of Girona.
September 11th 1714 - Barcelona: after 14 months of The Siege of Barcelona, the city falls to the Bourbon troops at the end of The War of the Spanish Succession.
September 12th 1213 - Muret, Llenguadoc, Occitània - the Battle of Muret between the Catalano-Occitan troops led by Pere the Catholic and the French crusaders led by Simon de Montfort.
September 16th 2005 - ICANN approves the domain .cat for the Catalan cultural and linguistic community.
September 17th 1473 - Perpignan: Signature of the Peace of Perpignan.
September 18th 1714 - Catalonia: A week after the fall of Barcelona, Cardona is ordered to surrender, having been the last place in Catalonia to hold out in The War of the Spanish Succession.
September 19th 1809 -The city of Girona resists a ferocious attack by the French troops that have it under siege during the Peninsular War. The event is known as "The Great Day of Girona".
September 21st 1932 - The Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia, known as the Estatut de Núria, is passed.
September 24th 1957 - Barcelona: The opening of Camp Nou, the new FC Barcelona stadium, which substitutes the Camp de les Corts.
September 25th 2011 - Barcelona: the last bullfight in Catalonia is held at La Monumental.
September 27th 2015 - Elections to Parliament of Catalonia, which were won by the pro-independence coalition, Junts pel Sí.
September 28th 1974 - Figueres (l'Alt Empordà): Museu Dalí opens.
September 29th 1977 - Catalonia: the Spanish government restores the Provisional Generalitat.
September 30th 2005 - Barcelona: the Parliament of Catalonia passes the project of the new Statute of Autonomy with an 88,88% in favour, including all parties except the PPC.
September 2nd 1876 - Verges, Baix Empordà: Francesc Cambó, Catalan politician.
September 12th 1846 - les Cabanyes, Alt Penedès - Josep Torras i Bages, Catalan clergyman and writer.
September 21st 1859 - Vilanova i la Geltrú (el Garraf): Francesc Macià, president of Generalitat of Catalonia.
September 27th 1880 - Barcelona: Carles Casagemas i Coll, painter (died 1901).
September 28th 1881 - Barcelona: Eugeni d'Ors i Rovira, Catalan writer and philosopher (died 1954).
September 6th 1885 - Sant Martí de Provençals (Barcelona): Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol, Catalan inventor, intellectual and politician, inventor of the first manned submarine powered by a combustion engine (born 1819).
September 12th 1213 - Muret, Llenguadoc, Occitània - Pere I the Catholic, Count of Barcelona, is killed by sword wounds at the Battle of Muret.
September 25th 1954 - Vilanova i la Geltrú, Garraf: Eugeni d'Ors, Catalan writer and politician, cultural activist and founder Escola de Bibliotecàries.
September 27th 1862 - Barcelona: Bonaventura Carles Aribau, Catalan writer.
September 27th 1961 - Barcelona: Josep Maria de Sagarra i de Castellarnau, prolific Catalan poet, novelist, dramatist, journalist and translator. (born 1894).
September 7th - Festival of the Phylloxera in Sant Sadurní d'Anoia in the comarca of l'Alt Penedès
September 11th - La Diada Nacional de Catalunya - National Day of Catalonia
September 23rd - Saints' Day of Santa Tecla - Les Festes de Santa Tecla in Tarragona
September 24th - La Mare de Déu de la Mercè - Les Festes de la Mercè - Festa Major of Barcelona
September 29th - Sant Miquel (Saint Michael's Day) and Sant Rafael (Saint Raphael's Day), which are the reason for Festa Majors throughout Catalonia.